Everywhere you live and in any house, you should exactly know about all parts of the plumbing system. Otherwise, there may be a major issue with the system and you may end up calling the wrong plumber to fix it. This can cost you lots of time, energy, and money. In addition, probably the initial problems not only will not be solved but new ones will also arise. In this article, we are going to talk about your entire plumbing system and the basics that you need to know about it. Keep along with us.
What is a plumbing system?
Plumbing is one the most essential systems in every building, which is mainly responsible to convey clean water and carry out wastewater. It is also used for gas transfer, as well as air-conditioning systems.
Without a functioning system, none of your favorite home appliances such as a dishwasher, icemaker, and even a gas oven or fireplace would be able to work properly. Therefore, it is important to keep all parts of the system maintained and make sure that is running efficiently.
Gas plumbing system
The gas plumbing system is the only way to convey the gas from the company to your house. This system consists of a gas meter and a set of pipes. The gas meter is commonly installed outdoors for safety considerations. In this case, the gas company would be responsible for maintaining the meter and everything underground.
Now, if the gas meter were installed inside the house, the owner would be responsible for any leakage. The good thing is if there is a leak on the gas company’s side, chances are it is going to be the riser comes out of the ground. Since they are responsible for it not you.
If you have a gas oven in your house, there would be a steel pipe or a connection under the cabinet next to or behind it with the caulk on it where you can turn off the system. If you smell gas around the oven, you should call a plumber.
Kitchen plumbing system
Your kitchen is full of appliances and consists of different parts; each requires distinct pipes, valves, and so on. Some of the main kitchen appliances are:
- Single basin sink
The kitchen sink is another big part of your plumbing system. Probably this piece is used more than any others are. This means that you should maintain all of its parts from time to time to make sure it works properly and there is no leakage.
The good news is most parts of a kitchen sink can be changed including the sink itself. These are relatively easy projects that you can take care of them by yourself or choose a skilled plumber to handle.
- Double sink plumbing
When it comes to the basic installation process, double sink plumbing is relatively similar to single basin sink with only slight differences. When you are upgrading your sink from a single basin to a double, better consider the tailpiece connection.
Despite the single sink, here there are two different tailpieces each one connects to a sanitary tee separately, which connects to the p-trap drain in turn. Both sinks have separate drain lines that conduct the wastewater to the sewer system.
You should start the project by making sure that there is enough space for both sinks. Also, the tailpiece nut should be removed from the sink strainer before placing the tailpiece washer and everything else.
- Washing machine
The washing machine has a box behind it with a hot and cold valve. It also has a drainpipe connected to it. Make sure your washing machine drain hose and the valves are stuck down in there properly.
Otherwise, they start leaking or disconnected. The valves and connections can take off and replace easily. However, if there is a major problem you may need to open up the wall to change out the entire valve box assembly. Therefore, we recommend you call out a good plumber to fix the issue.
Under most kitchen sinks, you also have the connections for the dishwasher. The dishwasher right next to that has a hot water supply line that goes to it and has a discharge hose that comes in and either comes out to the vacuum breaker or a hollow vent to come over and drains into the disposal. These things are also easy for you to work on it and easy to change.
The electrical connection for a dishwasher normally comes out of the wall under it. This is the main reason we recommend you call an electrician or a handyman because you sure do not want to get shocked while you are working on that.
Behind the refrigerator, if your freezer has an icemaker in it, you should have a valve. There may be a line running over to your kitchen sink or something like that where the water line ties in. However, normally if there is an ice maker in your kitchen, there is a valve in the wall behind it.
It is a quarter-turn ball valve that is sometimes easy to work on and sometimes not. If you have a problem with that, you are probably going to want to call a plumber. Because chances are, you are going to have to open up the wall to change out the entire icemaker box.
The water heater plumbing
Your water heater either electric or gas fed is probably the biggest part of the plumbing system. In this system, the cold water is heated using gas or electricity, and distributed throughout the house. The water heater normally has a cold line in, a hotline out, and a drip leg to avoid any moisture getting into the control valve.
Installation and plumbing of the water heater is a complicated project, which needs special permissions and inspections. Therefore, we recommend you call out a master plumber for this job.
Sanitary is also a part of the plumbing system of your house. It includes different sections such as:
- Lavatory faucet
The lavatory faucet is a part of the sanitary system. When it comes to plumbing the faucet, you should consider the supply lines that come up to it. There is a cartridge in the faucet that might starts dripping. This is one of the normal problems in this section. You can change the cartridges yourself or call out a plumber to fix them.
If you want to do it as a DIY project, you should take the cartridges apart, and carry them down to either a plumbing supply house or a box store to buy the exact match. Otherwise, you might have a problem with them.
Pipping underneath the lavatory faucet is a typical p-trap. You also have a condensation drain on this one, which is a one-inch PVC pipe that comes in and goes above the p-trap. That way it keeps sewer gas from coming back up.
- Roman tubs
Roman tubs are a little bit different because all the plumbing can be fixed from the top of the system where the taps are installed. Therefore, you can change out both cartridges easily. However, if there is a leak in this section, the plumber may have to get inside the tub. In this case, the tub’s panel has to be removed.
You should be aware that plumbers would not be responsible for any cracks or brittle. To prevent any possible damages, we recommend the homeowners call out master plumbers who can open up the sheetrock wall beside the tub. In this case, they would evaluate if can go through the right angle to get to it and make the repair.
You have also got an aerator just like you do on most faucets that can be replaced. The waste and the overflow on the Roman tub are just like a regular bathtub. The overflow can be removed with a screwdriver.
You should be careful though if there is not a metal ring hanging over to keep it in place. Also, make sure you are very careful when taking it apart. That is why we recommend you call out a skilled plumber to fix the problem easily in a short time.
- The showerhead
The showerhead and shower valve are also part of your plumbing system. Most people do not realize when their showerheads drip it is a problem with the valve. In this case, what they need to do is change out the cartridge inside their shower valve.
Some showerheads have rubber tips on when the showers running you can reach the upper with your thumb and wrap wipe. This will help eliminate scale buildup in there if you do not have an anti-scale system in your house.
In this system, there might be also a handle called Ladybug for hot water conservation. You can turn its valve all the way too high and open it up; when it reaches 95 degrees the thermostatic valve in there clicks. It shuts off the water and you have to pull this handle to turn it back on.
When you hear the click sound, you know the shower is hot and ready to get in. this way, there is no need to waste the water running down the drain. Because you are paying to heat the water while paying for the water itself.
Changing out the showerhead, installing the ladybug, and even changing the cartridge are pretty easy to do as a DIY project or by a plumber.
- The toilet system
The toilet is another easy thing to fix for an average plumber. There is an angle stop behind it to shut the water off if to want to work on it or change it out. The toilet has different parts such as the fill valve, the flush valve, the flapper, and the handle on the inside.
All of these are relatively easy to change or fix by an average plumber. Some toilets have a bidet seat, which also has water and electrical connections. Therefore, you need to make sure that you have got electricity closed if you decide to install one of these.
What is a drainage system?
The drainage or sewer system of your house consists of a set of pipes and lines, which are responsible to convey wastewater or sewage out of your building. Each fixture of your house has its drain line that is installed to carry used water to the sewer line. The pipes or tanks of this system might have some issues such as clogging, breakage, or leakage that would be fixed by skilled plumbers.
What types of pipes are used in residential buildings?
The most common types of pipes used in residential buildings are as follows:
- PVC lines
PVC lines are a kind of plastic pipe and the main part of a water system with a wide range of thicknesses. They are commonly used for carrying both drain and drinking water. A PVC pipe is the best option for water supply due to its significant characteristics such as being lightweight and corrosion-resistant.
- PEX pipes
PEX pipes are more affordable, reliable, and quick-to-install material made of polyethylene and commonly used for carrying water.
- ABS pipes
ABS (Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) pipes are commonly used for drain and vent lines according to their significant characteristics, especially in cold temperatures.
- Cast iron pipes
Cast iron pipes are the traditional kind of lines commonly find in classic, old buildings. They can rust unless protected by applying anti-rust colors, sprays, and materials. These pipes are usually used for drainage purposes.
- Copper pipes
Copper pipes are relatively expensive materials commonly found in new and old buildings from many years ago until now. These types of lines are reliable anti-corrosion materials used for water supply.
- Galvanized pipes
Galvanized pipes are durable anti-corrosion steel lines coated with Zinc widely used for water supply in old buildings.
How does the plumbing work in a typical home?
Everything you do in your home pretty much relies on the plumbing system. Whether it is washing your dishes and clothes, taking a relaxing shower, washing your car, or brushing your teeth, you are using this system. This essential structure is composed of 4 major things:
- Waste drains
Most homes have either ABS, PVC, or cast iron drainpipes or vents, which are connected to all the fixtures such as toilets, sinks, bathtubs, and showers. When you use the fixture, lots of wastewater is produced. The drainpipes that have a slight slope carry the waste down the main municipal drain under the street or to the septic tanks.
- Waste vents
The venting system helps the fixtures and drains function adequately. For example, when your toilet is flushed, a negative pressure occurs behind it. The vents get the air through the roof to equalize the pressure and allow the sewer gases to find their way through the system.
- Portable water
Your water supply system starts right at your water meter outside of your house. The cities are responsible for the valve, meter, and anything before it. However, if there is a leak on the other side of the connection, it is your responsibility to fix and maintain it.
In this regard, first of all, you need to turn the water off from the main point. This urgent and useful action could save you thousands of dollars. Therefore, if there is a leak over and beyond the water meter, you should first bypass it, and then you should call a master plumber.
- Rainwater management
In the past, rainwater and sewage were combined. It means that the rainwater went into the same sewer as the waste from your house. It caused lots of problems and damaged the underground water reserves. Since then, they have been separated to make water management easier. The rainwater pours onto the roof, trickles into the gutters, and diverts away from the house by the pipes placed in the rainwater drainage system.
How much does a plumber cost in Ontario?
The plumber cost in Ontario depends on various factors such as the plumber’s experience, project type, tools and supplies, insurance, and so on. For most common scenarios, the average costs are as follows:
- Hourly from 45$ to 150$ for small repairs
- Flat fees from 75$ to 250$ for small repairs
- Flat fees from 500$ to 800$ for bigger projects such as fixing your water heater
- The average cost per fixture is from 100$ to 600$ (depending on locality, type of the project, and the house)
- Hourly 125$ to 170$ for weekends, holidays, and emergency plumbing services
- Hourly 85$ for commercial charges
- Hourly from 100$ to 200$ for hiring a master plumber
- Hourly from 25$ to 45$ for hiring a handyman
Additional costs and fees:
- The first hour of work on standard services (flat fees) 200$ to 250$
- Trip fees from 1$ to 2$ per mile (first 10 miles are free of charge)
- Service call-out fees from 50$ to 150$
- The entire price for plumbing supplies and materials
How can I find the best plumber near me?
Well we are here for you!! If you need to ANY pluming services we are here to help!
Give us a call and enjoy our free consultation AND site inspection!
You can find the best local plumber using the following methods:
- You can ask your neighbors
- Search online
The Bottom Line
Here, we talked about plumbing and related details that can make you understand the functioning of the system properly. This will help you to consider possible issues and call out the right person in adequate time. In case of any problem, contact the best plumbing house near you. Therefore, you can avoid wasting your time, energy, and money.